Established in 2021, the Constitutions, Rights and Justice special interest group seeks to foster a collaborative approach regarding how to talk about and conduct research on the nature of constitutions, different categories of rights (i.e., social, political, legal and employment) and the importance of justice in its many forms. 

Constitutions, Rights and Justice is based within the School of Humanities at the University of Worcester. This innovative group brings together academics at the University of Worcester, external academics, legal practitioners and active and retired judges to work together on a myriad of issues and seek scope for collaboration within the wider academy and legal practice. The group builds upon five years of research and scholarly activity within the School of Law at the University of Worcester that has focused on issues such as the application of the Fraud Act 2006, the Miller litigation, the rule of law and access to justice.    


The aims of the group are to:

  1. Engage with the public, the academy and legal practice through the dissemination of research and scholarship, the hosting of Public Lectures, workshops and research seminars.
  2. Foster collaboration between ordinary members, associate members and the wider academy and legal practice.
  3. Produce innovative research and other scholarly work that advance the work of the group.

The group’s director is Dr Chris Monaghan. If you have any questions, please contact Chris at


The group consists of ordinary members and associate members. Prospective members are welcome to get in contact to enquire about joining. 

Director of the Constitutions, Rights and Justice SIG


Dr Chris Monaghan

Dr Chris Monaghan is the Director of the Constitutions, Rights and Justice special interest research group. He is a Principal Lecturer in Law and specialises in Constitutional Law and accountability, with a particular emphasis on the accountability of the executive and the use of impeachment. Chris holds a PhD in law from King’s College London and has published on constitutional law, human rights and discrimination law. He is the co-editor of the Routledge Frontiers in Accountability Studies book series and is the author of Public Law (Routledge 2021). His book, Accountability, Impeachment and Constitution: The Case for a Modernised Process for the United Kingdom will be published by Routledge in 2022.

Ordinary members

Michelle Clarke

Michelle Clarke joined the University of Worcester after serving as an officer with West Mercia Police, achieving the rank of Detective Sergeant with a career predominantly based within CID. As the Professional Policing Course Lead and Lecturer in Policing at the University of Worcester, Michelle is the point of contact for the College of Policing and leads on the development of University qualifications to support the National Policing Education Qualifications Framework.

Her teaching and research interests include the investigation of serious and complex crime, emotional intelligence in investigative interviewing, public protection and ethical policing. She is a member of the West Mercia Police Ethics Committee and also sits on the University of Worcester and West Mercia Police Working Group; securing and strengthening collaborative and community partnership opportunities for both institutions.  

Professor Ning Han 

Professor Ning Han is a Visiting Fellow at the University of Worcester. Ning graduated from China University in Political Science and Law in 1996. After that, she engaged in legal affairs in Mentougou District Judicial Bureau of Beijing. In 2001, she went to Japan to study humanities. She obtained a Master's Degree in Social Informatics from Gunma University in 2004, and a PhD in Law from Chuo University in 2007. Ning joined Toin University of Yokohama in April 2007 to teach Civil Dispute Resolution and Chinese Law at the Faculty of Law. Her research interests include related topics in Civil Procedure Law, ADR, and Access to Justice.

She is the author of The Mediation System in China (Shinzansha Publisher, 2008) and the co-author of Legal Policy and Judicial Reform for the Right Enforceability (Shojihomu Publisher, 2009), Comparative Study on China-Japan Civil Procedure Law (Kyushu University Press, 2017), Trends in the Universalization of Access to Justice (Chuo University Press, 2018), and the co-translator of A Discussion of Compromise Techniques (China Legal Publishing House, 2016).

Angi Hart

Angi Hart is a Lecturer in Policing at the University of Worcester, specialising in Criminal Investigation, Investigative Interviewing and Policing Vulnerability. Her research interests include Domestic Abuse, Improving the Police Response to Vulnerability and Adverse Childhood Experiences and their effects on vulnerability and criminality in later life.

Stephen Hurley

Stephen Hurley is a solicitor and a Principal Lecturer in Employment and Equality Law. He has published in the areas of disability harassment and misconduct in the workplace and teaches Contract Law, Disability Law and Employment Law.  He is currently researching the issue of the protection of non-religious philosophical belief in the workplace in support of his ongoing PhD studies with Oxford Brookes University. Before entering the ivory towers of academia, Stephen worked for over a decade in private practice as an Employment Solicitor, becoming a partner in a large commercial law firm. 

Sarah Lloyd

Sarah Lloyd recently joined UOW as a Lecturer in Psychology and co-course lead in undergraduate studies.  She previously taught Forensic Psychology at Birmingham City University.  Sarah is in the final year of her PhD which explores the group decision-making processes of juries.

Her teaching and research interests include jury decision-making, courtroom and legal psychology, and sexual and violent crime.

Felicity Miles

Felicity Miles is a Lecturer in Law at the University of Worcester, contributing to various LLB modules and specialising in Family Law. Her research interests include the promotion of children’s rights in Family Law and exploring the effectiveness of holistic and restorative approaches to family disputes, as alternatives to litigation.

Nicola Monaghan

Nicola Monaghan is a Principal Lecturer in Law specialising in Criminal Law and the Law of Evidence. She is the author of Criminal Law Directions, now in its 7th edition (OUP). She has published on criminal procedure and evidence, including issues relating to jury misconduct. Her research has been cited by the Law Commission.

Dr Aisha Shah

Dr Aisha Shah is a Lecturer in Law. Her research interests lie in the field of English Private Law, and in particular claims for restitution in equity, property, trusts and unjust enrichment. 

 During her undergraduate studies, Aisha was awarded the Dean’s Law Scholarship to pursue her doctoral studies. She completed her PhD in 2020. Her doctoral research is titled ‘Proprietary Claims and Unjust Enrichment’. It focuses on the availability of proprietary responses in the law of unjust enrichment. Her research uses the classic example of the mistaken payment as the basis for developing her approach and builds upon the work of the late Professor Peter Birks.  Aisha published a paper in the Trust Law International journal in 2017 titled ‘Proprietary Restitution and Receipt by Insolvent Agents: Angove’s Pty Ltd v Bailey’. She has presented papers in the Restitution Section of the Society of Legal Scholars Conference at the University of Oxford in 2016 and the University of Exeter in 2020. Aisha also presented her research at the Modern Studies in Property Law Conference (postgraduate stream) at UCL in 2018.

Dr Josie Welsh

Josie Welsh is a Lecturer in Law and her research interests cover constitutional law and theory, political jurisprudence, political science and judicial studies. Josie is a PhD candidate at the University of Sheffield and is currently undertaking research into the changing patterns of judicial power in the United Kingdom.

Doug Wotherspoon

Doug Wotherspoon after practising as a solicitor for 20 years specialising in company and commercial law (with a particular niche in insolvency law) has now been lecturing for 12 years. He was initially assigned to teach on various law modules at Worcester Business School at University of Worcester and, after teaching on other modules in the Business School such as Business Skills and Business Ethics and a couple of years as Course Leader of the BA (Hons) Business portfolio, he moved to the Law School at University of Worcester shortly after its inception. He now teaches on various modules including Professional Legal Skills and Ethics, Law of Torts, Commercial Law and Company Law. He also oversees the Work-based Placement module for final year students. He has presented at conferences at home and abroad and in May 2020 he secured for University of Worcester the ASET Summer Project Bursary Award which involved supervision of a student research project on the gap between academic qualifications and the skills demanded of graduates by employers and making an online presentation on that subject to the annual ASET conference.


Associate Members 

Professor Neil Fleming

Neil Fleming is Professor of Modern History, University of Worcester. He has published on the contested nature of imperial constitutional reform (India) and UK devolution (Northern Ireland). He is the author or editor of eight books including Britannia's Zealots, Volume I: Empire, Tradition and the Forging of the Conservative Right (2019) and Ireland and Partition: Contexts and Consequences (2021).

Richard Glover

Richard Glover is a Senior Lecturer in Criminal Law at Sussex Law School, University of Sussex and is a former practising solicitor. He has published widely in the areas of criminal law, protest law and the law of evidence, and is the author of Murphy on Evidence (Oxford), a leading textbook on the law of evidence. He is also a trustee of the Association for Citizenship Teaching, the subject association for school citizenship teachers, which aims to citizenship teaching that equips young people with the 'political knowledge, skills and experience to participate in and shape a strong and vibrant democracy based on equality, fairness and justice'.

HH Toby Hooper KC

HH Toby Hooper KC graduated in Law from Durham University in 1972. From 1973 he practised as a Barrister in London (latterly as a QC) in civil liability claims and employment and discrimination claims until he was appointed a Circuit Judge for the Cities of Hereford and Worcester in 2007. He retired in 2016. He was a member of the Parole Board 2010–13.  He is a Bencher (Governor) of his Inn of Court (Inner Temple), Vice-Chair of Heart of Mercia Multi-Academy Trust (the Sixth Form Colleges at Hereford, Stourbridge and Worcester), an Honorary Fellow of the University of Worcester, and an Honorary Freeman of the City of Hereford. 

Dan Jasinski

Dan Jasinski joined Kingston University in December 2021. He originally published in the realm Commercial Law, focussing on the subjects of consumer credit and debt. However, since his call to the Bar, Dan has steered his research towards legal skills and procedure, particularly in the context of the criminal process. Dan is currently undertaking a PhD on the use of technology in the criminal courtroom

David Mason KC, Deputy Head of Chambers, No 5 Chambers

David Mason KC, Deputy Head of Chambers, No 5 Chambers

Jenna Page

Jenna Page has been a lecturer in Criminology at the University of Worcester for four years. Jenna specialises in Criminological theory; Youth crime and Justice and Criminal Justice. Jenna is a non-practicing lawyer who used to specialise in civil litigation. Jenna is currently undertaking a Masters Degree in Education to help enhance her academic and teaching practice.

HHJ Jim Tindal

HHJ Jim Tindal was appointed the Designated Civil Judge for Worcestershire and Herefordshire in January 2020 having been appointed a Circuit Judge in 2016. He is a former barrister at St Philips Chambers in Birmingham and at that time used to sit as a part-time employment and immigration judge.

Dr Wendy Toon

Senior Events Facilitator for the Constitutions, Rights and Justice SIG  

Janey Robins

Janey Robins graduated with a first-class honours in BSc Biology in 2012. She later joined the University of Worcester and an Administrator in 2014 and was promoted to Senior Administrator when she joined the School of Law when it opened in 2016. She provides dedicated support to the School of Law and the University’s Legal Advice Centre and enjoys helping to organise all School of Law events.

Upcoming events

Autumn Research Workshop: 7 September 2022

Wednesday 7 September 2022

Convenor: Dr Chris Monaghan






Law Seminar Room JL1005  

Coffee and Refreshments  

All Attendees  


Law Seminar Room JL1005  



Prof Michael Bradshaw,  
University of Worcester  



Law Seminar Room JL1005  

Research in the School of Law and the Constitutions, Rights and Justice Special Interest Group  


Dr Chris Monaghan      
University of Worcester



Law Seminar Room JL1005  


‘AI: Emerging Legal and Ethical Issues'    

Doug Wotherspoon, 
University of Worcester  

‘Now for some audience participation: the role of clients and service users in deciding if you are allowed to manifest your protected philosophical belief in the workplace’    

Stephen Hurley,  
University of Worcester    


Reappraising civil liability for cyber attacks

Chris Kirkbride,   
University of Worcester   


‘Reconsidering Lawrance: when does deception vitiate consent in sexual offences?’    

Nicola Monaghan,  
University of Worcester


Law Seminar Room JL1005

Research Development Session

Richard Glover, University of Sussex

 Attendance in person or via Blackboard Collaborate.  

This event is open to all if you wish to attend please contact Janey Robins (  

Challenges and Prospects for the Chagos Archipelago in the Indian Ocean: 26 May 2023

Friday 26 May 2023 

Convenors: Dr Chris Monaghan (University of Worcester) and Professor Laura Jeffery (University of Edinburgh)  







Introduction and Coffee 

Professor Laura Jeffery and Dr Chris Monaghan 



Session One 


Coconut crabs, courtroom clashes and fights over flagpoles (Owen Bowcott)  

The British Courts and the Chagos Story: An exercise in Colonial Justice (Dr Chris Monaghan and Professor Satvinder Juss)  

International law, the carceral archipelago, and the Chagos Archipelago (Dr Oumar Ba and Kelly-Jo Bluen)  

Stakeholders or Bystanders? Chagossian Representation in Inter-State Legal Proceedings (Dr Jamie Trinidad (University of Cambridge), Dr Stephen Allen (Queen Mary, University of London), Professor Thomas Burri (St Gallen University))  

The Chagos Saga: Over five decades of Contention (Dr Milan Meetarbhan)  







Session Two 


The Chagos Archipelago in Late Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Indian Ocean World History (Professor Richard B Allen)  

Chagossian ethnicity and indigeneity (Professor Laura Jeffery)  

Return of the Chagos Islands to Mauritius and Chagossian Identity: Constitutional, Legal and Political Perspectives (Professor Charles M Fombad)  

Paradise Enclosures: Chagos and Post-Imperial Desire (Christopher Hill)  







Session Three 


(Provisional Title: 2nd/3rd generation in Mauritius, BIOT groups, and the Borders and Citizenship Act) (Jean Fabrice Thierry Mandarin)   

“Not another book” A Chagossian woman's lament:Portrayals and betrayals in creative and critical discourses and the impact for Chagossian selfhood and self determination (Saradha Soobrayen)  

Voicing the Trauma of the Lost Territory: Creative Writing, Therapy and the Chagos Refugees Group (Dr Esther Pujolràs-Noguer and Dr Felicity Hand)  

The Chagossians, a population in exile? (Dr Priya Bahadoor)  







Keynote Speaker 

Prof Philippe Sands QC  

Introduced by Professor David Green  







Session Four 


By 2036 BIOT at 70 will have outlived its uses: return of the Chagossians to their homeland and Chagos to Mauritius is long overdue (David Snoxell)  

The Colonial Master: How the US Government Has Hidden Its Leading Role in Exiling the Chagossians and Why It Must Finally Face Its Responsibility (Professor David Vine)  

The Indo-Pacific and the Chagos Archipelago: Two Logics, Two Futures (Dr Peter Harris)  

Human rights and the marine protected area around the Chagos Archipelago (Professor Sue Farran)  







Rights and Justice: In Theory and Practice Conference: 5 September 2023

Constitutions, Rights and Justice, University of Worcester  

Tuesday 5 September 2023  

Format: In-person and Online  

Convenor: Dr Chris Monaghan 

Administrative Lead: Janey Robins








JL Law Seminar Room 


Dr Chris Monaghan  

Professor Mike Bradshaw, Head of the School of Humanities  


Session 1 

Panel A 

JL Law Seminar Room 

Citizens, the State and Justice 1 


The Interplay Between Rights and Judicial Power – The Human Rights Act 1998 and Declarations of Incompatibility    

Dr Josie Welsh, Senior Lecturer, University of Worcester  

The Aftermath of Successful Planning Claims  

Alistair Mills, University of Cambridge, Landmark Chambers  

Constitutional rights - Unison and beyond 

Dr Chris Monaghan, Principal Lecturer, University of Worcester  

Parliaments and Independent National Human Rights Institutions: Joining Forces to Protect and Promote Human Rights  

Franklin De Vrieze, Westminster Foundation for Democracy and Luka Glušac, PhD, University of Belgrade.    

The right to protest and what’s necessary in a democratic society   

Richard Glover, Senior Lecturer in Criminal Law, University of Sussex   

Panel B 

JL Court Room 

Rights and Justice 1 


Surrogacy in the UK: are the rights of children born through gestational surrogacy adequately protected by the law?   

Felicity Miles (University of Worcester)   

Student Law Clinics – helping or hindering access to justice for vulnerable litigants in person  

Lucy Yeatman (University of Liverpool)   

Law’s violence, human rights and women’s bodies: contemporary challenges to women’s reproductive rights in Poland  

Dr Olga Jurasz (The Open University)   

Education Laws as a Social Foundation for Defining and Normalizing Rights and Justice in Theory and Practice  

Professor John Dayton (University of Georgia)  




JL Law Seminar Room 



Session 2 

Panel A 

JL Law Seminar Room 

Citizens, the State and Justice 2 


The Right to a Fair Trial: Inadequate Disclosure and an Inadequate Response  

Dr Ed Johnston, University of Northampton  

Juror and witness intimidation in criminal proceedings  

Nicola Monaghan, University of Worcester     

Virtual Justice – is a technologically enhanced criminal justice system capable of delivering ‘true’ justice for the accused?  

Dan Jasinski, Kingston University London   

‘You need to be more professional?’ informality, access to justice and restorative relationships within the criminal justice process.   

Dr Darren McStravick, Kingston University London   

Innocence Organisations: What’s the Appeal?   

Dr Louise Hewitt, University of Greenwich and Professor Claire McGourlay, University of Manchester  

Panel B 

JL Court Room 

Rights and Justice 2 


The Law of Unfair Dismissal and its role in protecting non-religious philosophical belief in the workplace  

Stephen Hurley (University of Worcester)   

Balancing individual and collective rights in religious employment cases   

Professor Lucy Vickers (Oxford Brookes University)   

Resolving Human Rights Cases in Strasbourg and at Home: a contrived conflict  

Dr Steve Foster (Coventry University)   

Achieving Justice in Imprisonment  

Professor Susan Easton (Brunel University)   

The role of multilingualism in upholding the rule of law in the European Union  

Susan Wright (Court of Justice of the European Union)   




JL Law Seminar Room 




Panel A 

JL 200X 

Citizens, the State and Justice 3 


The Police and Justice: Behind the Blue Line    

Michelle Clarke and Angi Hart, University of Worcester    

Policing Disability Hate Crime in England   

Dr Louise Hewitt, University of Greenwich    

Rethinking Territorial Jurisdiction in Canadian Extradition Law  

Jay De Santi, Osgoode Hall University Toronto   

The right to protest and what’s necessary in a democratic society   

Richard Glover, Senior Lecturer in Criminal Law, University of Sussex    

A citizen’s view on the state’s ability to manipulate perception in times of crisis – a case study on counterterrorism responses.   

Dr Noel McQuirk, University of Lancaster   




Panel B 

JL Court Room 

Rights and Justice 3 


Nemo Dat and Theft  

Dr Sean Thomas (University of York)   

Justice in a Changing Constitutional Landscape    

Dr Chris Monaghan and Dr Josie Welsh (University of Worcester)    

Rights, Outcomes, and Institutions  

Professor TT Arvind (University of York) and Professor Aisling McMahon (Maynooth University)   



JL Law Seminar Room 




Panel A 

JL Law Seminar Room 

Rights and Justice 4 


Human Rights, Business and Supply Chains 

Professor Olga Martin-Ortega and Martina Trusgnach, University of Greenwich   

Climate Justice 

Doug Wotherspoon and Bill Davies (University of Worcester)    

Collective Redress under the Competition Act 1998 – Achieving Justice for Parties?  

Rhonson Salim (Aston University)   

Civil Liability for Disruptive Cyber Events  

Chris Kirkbride (University of Worcester)    



Panel B 

JL Court Room 

Citizens, the State and Justice 4 


Parliaments and Independent National Human Rights Institutions: Joining Forces to Protect and Promote Human Rights  

Franklin De Vrieze, Westminster Foundation for Democracy and Luka Glušac, PhD, University of Belgrade.   

The Courts and Justice: A Criminal Perspective  

HH Toby Hooper QC, Bencher of the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple   

State responses to protest and public disorder in times of crisis: a case study on citizenry rights  

Dr Noel McQuirk, University of Lancaster   


Drinks Reception 


JL Law Seminar Room 





Research and Scholarly Activity

  • We are excited to announce that the Constitutions, Rights and Justice group will be hosting a conference in September 2023. The conference, Rights and Justice: In Theory and Practice, will bring together scholars from across the United Kingdom and further afield.  
  • On behalf of the Constitutions, Rights and Justice group Dr Chris Monaghan will be hosting the Chagos Dialogue workshop on 26 May 2023. The workshop is co-hosted with Professor Laura Jeffery from the University of Edinburgh. Professor Philippe Sands QC will be delivering the keynote address.  
  • In December 2022 Nicola Monaghan will be hosting a workshop on the jury trial and the challenges that it faces in the 21st century. Academics from around the world will be taking part. The workshop will take place online.  
  • In July 2022 Dr Chris Monaghan will be speaking at the ICON Society’s annual conference at Wroclaw University, Poland. Chris will be presenting on his research on the House of Lords’ decision in Bancoult (No.2).  
  • In June 2022 Dr Chris Monaghan spoke at the Hive Worcester as part of its 10th anniversary celebrations, where he talked about ‘Colonial Mindsets and the Legacy of Empire: The United Kingdom, Mauritius and the Chagos Islands’. This draws upon Chris’ research on the Chagos legal dispute.   
  • Dr Josie Welsh passed her viva at the University of Sheffield. Josie's research is on judicial power and is incredibly timely given the challenges that the UK constitution faces. Congratulations Josie! 
  • In May 2022 Dr Chris Monaghan and Professor Matthew Flinders (University of Sheffield) had a book commissioned by Hart Publishing. The book, Questions of Accountability: Prerogatives, Power and Politics, will feature essays from leading academics, politicians and practitioners and will be published in late 2023.
  • Josie Welsh and Dr Chris Monaghan presented on their research ‘Power and the Constitution’ at the ICON Great Britain and Ireland Chapter Conference, who was hosted by Trinity College Dublin in April 2022.
  • Dr Chris Monaghan delivered a paper, ‘Checking Executive Power: The Possible Role for Impeachment and the Constitution’ at the Political Studies Association Annual Conference, University of York, April 2022. 
  • The Constitutions, Rights and Justice special interest group will be co-hosting the book launch for Dr Chris Monaghan’s book, Accountability, Impeachment and the Constitution: The Case for a Modernised Process in the United Kingdom (Routledge 2022), at 2pm on 8 June 2022. The event is co-hosted with the PSA Parliaments Specialist Group and speakers include Professor Alison Young (University of Cambridge), Professor Matthew Flinders (University of Sheffield), Dr Stephen Holden Bates (University of Birmingham), and Dr Chris Monaghan.
  • On 23 February 2022 was the launch event for the Constitutions, Rights and Justice special interest group. Professor Lucy Vickers (Oxford Brookes University) delivered the lecture to mark the launch. Her lecture explored ‘Religious rights at work – finding the “best answer”’.
  • The 7th edition of Nicola Monaghan’s textbook, Criminal Law Directions (Oxford University Press), was published in February.
  • The Constitutions, Rights and Justice special interest group is co-hosting the School of Law Research Seminar Series in Spring 2022. Speakers include Susan Wright (Director at the Court of Justice of the European Union, Stephen Hurley (a member of the group), Professor Darren Oldridge (University of Worcester), and Jay De Santi (Osgoode Hall Law School, Toronto).
  • HHJ Jim Tindall and Doug Wotherspoon organised a Practical Research Workshop that took place in February 2022. The speakers included Danielle Jones and John Aldis (St Philips Chambers, Birmingham).
  • Doug Wotherspoon delivered a research paper at the School of Law’s Winter Research Workshop in December 2021. Doug’s paper looked at ‘Rehabilitating Saloman’.
  • December saw the publication of Dr Chris Monaghan’s textbook Public Law (Routledge). It was reported in Worcester Observer.
  • Doug Wotherspoon delivered a paper at the Questions of Accountability conference. Doug’s paper looked at ‘Corporate Accountability Reappraised and Reinvigorated’.
  • Dr Chris Monaghan and Josie Welsh delivered a paper at the Questions of Accountability conference. Chris and Josie’s paper looked at ‘Questions of Control: Accountability in the Shadow of Prorogation’.
  • Toby Hooper QC delivered a paper at the Questions of Accountability conference. Toby’s paper looked at ‘The accountability of the Office for Students (OfS) as the statutory regulator of Higher Education Institutions under the Higher Education Act 2017’.
  • The Constitutions, Rights and Justice special interest research group hosted a paper session at the Questions of Accountability: Prerogatives, Power and Politics conference on 5 November 2021. This session saw several members of the group and academics from other universities explored pertinent issues relating to the constitution and accountability. For more information please visit the conference webpages.

 Humanities at Worcester