Professor in Atmospheric Sciences
Institute of Science & the Environment
tel: +44 (0) 1905 855226
Dr Carsten Ambelas Skjøth joined the University of Worcester in 2013 as a senior lecturer after successful post doc positions at Aarhus University (Denmark) and Lund University (Sweden) and was in 2017 granted a professorship in atmospheric sciences.
Carstens 20 years of experience in working with aeroallergens and agricultural air quality. The main scientific questions are related to the exchange between atmosphere and the vegetation/surface and how meteorology affects this exchange and later the concentration of the species in the atmosphere. The studies species includes pollen (e.g. birch, grasses, ragweed) fungal spores (e.g. Alternaria and Cladosporium), pathogens (e.g. Hymenoscyphus fraxineus) and air pollutants, such as particles and ammonia. The research is typically carried out by combining ground based observations (e.g. pollen, fungal spores or ammonia) with mathematical models and data obtained through remote sensing.
At the University of Worcester, he leads the research group for Atmospheric Sciences - and palynology, which carry out relevant research in relation to aerobiology, palynology and atmospheric Science.
Previous and existing research grants, projects and networks::
- IPLATFORM. Marie Curie Fellowship on pollen dispersion modelling (oak) and next gen sequencing with the title "Implementation of a dynamical Pollen Module and the transformations of the pollen including feedbacks in a numerical Weather Forecast Model (IPLATFORM)" (2016-18). Funded by EU, Horizon2020
- PollerGEN. Using molecular genetics to understand grass species pollen deposition: enhancing bio-aerosol models and implications for human health” (2016-19). Funded by National Environmental Research Council, project ID: NE/N002431/1.
- New approaches for the early detection of tree health pests and pathogens (2014-2018). Funded Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), project ID: BB/L012286/1
- Marie Curie Career Integration Grant (2014-18). A project on new detection and modelling methods to explain the amount of fungal spores (Alternaria) in the air. Funded by EU, FP7, project ID: CIG PCIG14-GA-2013-630745
- EUNetAIR(2012-16): European Network on New Sensing Technologies for Air-Pollution Control and Environmental Sustainability. A scientific network funded by EU COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). http://www.cost.eu/COST_Actions/essem/TD1105
- SMARTER(2012-2016): Sustainable management of Ambrosia artemisiifolia in Europe (SMARTER). A scientific network funded by EU COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). http://www.cost.eu/domains_actions/fa/Actions/FA1203
- SUPREME(2013-15): Simple Unified Pollen and Spore Release Model. Funded by Danish Research Council.
- ECLAIRE(2011-15): Effects of Climate Change on Air Pollution and Response Strategies for European Ecosystems. A four year project funded by EUs seventh framework programme. http://www.eclaire-fp7.eu/
- 2009: PhD, Graduate School of Science, Copenhagen University, Denmark. Title of Thesis: “Integrating measurements, Phenological Models and atmospheric Models in Aerobiology.”
- 2004: Cand Scient, Geophysics, Copenhagen University, Denmark. Title of thesis: “A high-resolution weather forecast model for the next generation air pollution forecast system THOR.” BSc University of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1995
- 2000: B. Sc. Physics, Copenhagen University, Denmark
I teach on several undergraduate modules and supervise independent studies, PhD students and post docs. My teaching directly connected with the research activities in atmospheric sciences. This involves applying and developing both novel detecting equipment and advanced atmospheric models such as next generation of atmospheric models for use in pollen forecasting.
I predominantly teach students studying:
BSc Environmental Science
Level 4 (1st Year Undergraduates)
ENVS 1001 Introduction to Environmental Science
Level 5 (2nd Year Undergraduates)
GEOG 2121 Meteorology and Climate
Level 6 (3rd Year Undergraduates)
ENVS 3004 Environmental Pollution and its Management
- Research Papers
McInnes, R.N., Hemming, D., Burgess, P., Lyndsay, D., Osborne, N.J., Skjøth, C., Thomas, S. and Vardoulakis, S. (2017) Mapping Allergenic Pollen Vegetation in UK to Study Environmental Exposure and Human Health. Science of the Total Environment, 599. pp. 483-499. ISSN 0048-9697 Online: 1879-1026
Niedzielski, T.,Skjøth, C., Werner, M., Spallek, W., Witek, M., Sawinski, T., Drzeniecka-Osiadacz, A., Korzystka-Muskala, M., Muskala, P., Modzel, P., Guzikowski, J. and Kryza, M. (2017) Are Estimates of Wind Characteristics Based on Measurements with Pitot Tubes and GNSS Receivers Mounted on Consumer-grade Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Applicable in Meteorological Studies? Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 189 (431). ISSN 0167-6369 Online: 1573-2959
Werner, M., Kryza, M., Geels, C., Ellermann, T. and Skjøth, C. (2017) Ammonia Concentrations Over Europe – Application of the WRF-Chem Model Supported With Dynamic Emission. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 26 (3). pp. 1323-1341. ISSN 1230-1485
Šikoparija, B., Skjøth, C., Celenk, S., Testoni, C., Abramidze, T., Alm Kübler, K., Belmonte, J., Berger, U., Bonini, M., Charalampopoulos, A., Damialis, A., Clot, B., Dahl, Å., de Weger, L.A., Gehrig, R., Hendrickx, M., Hoebeke, L., Ianovici, N., Kofol Seliger, A., Magyar, D., Mányoki, G., Milkovska, S., Myszkowska, D., Páldy, A., Pashley, C.H., Rasmussen, K., Ritenberga, O., Rodinkova, V., Rybnícek, O., Shalaboda, V., Šauliene, I., Šcevková, J., Stjepanovic, B., Thibaudon, M., Verstraeten, C., Vokou, D., Yankova, R. and Smith, Matt (2017) Spatial and Temporal Variations in Airborne Ambrosia Pollen in Europe. Aerobiologia, 33 (2). pp. 181-189. ISSN 0393-5965 Online: 1573-3025
Hansen, K., Personne, E., Skjøth, C., Loubet, B., Ibrom, A., Jensen, R., Sørensen, L.L. and Boegh, E. (2017) Investigating Sources of Measured Forest-atmosphere Ammonia Fluxes Using Two-layer Bi-directional Modelling. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 237-23. pp. 80-94. ISSN 0168-1923
Skjøth, C., Damialis, A., Belmonte, J., De Linares, C., Fernández-Rodríguez, S., Grinn-Gofron, A., Jedryczka, M., Kasprzyk, I., Magyar, D., Myszkowska, D., Oliver, G., Páldy, A., Pashley, C.H., Rasmussen, K., Satchwell, J., Thibaudon, M., Tormo-Molina, R., Vokou, D., Ziemianin, M. and Werner, M. (2016) Alternaria Spores in the Air Across Europe: Abundance, Seasonality and Relationships with Climate, Meteorology and Local Environment. Aerobiologia, 32 (1). pp. 3-22. ISSN Print: 0393-5965 Online: 1573-3025
Werner, M., Geels, C., Kryza, M. and Skjøth, C. (2016) Using a Dynamical Approach for Implementing Ammonia Emissions into WRF-Chem Over Europe. Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XXIV. pp. 345-350. ISSN 2213-8684
Skjøth, C.A. Bilinska, D., Werner, M., Malkiewicz, M., Adams-Groom, B., Kryza, M., Drzeniecka-Osiadacz, A. (2016) Footprint areas of pollen from alder (Alnus) and birch (Betula) in the UK (Worcester) and Poland (Wroclaw) during 2005–2014, Acta Agrobotannica, 8 (4). pp. 315-324.
Sommer, J., Smith, M., Šikoparija, B., Kasprzyk, I., Myszkowska, D., Grewling, L., and Skjøth, C. (2015) Risk of Exposure to Airborne Ambrosia Pollen from Local and Distant Sources in Europe – an Example from Denmark. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 22 (4). pp. 625-631. ISSN Print: 1232-1966 Online: 1898-2263
Fernández-Rodríguez, S., Sadys, M., Smith, M., Tormo-Molina, R., Skjøth, C., Maya-Manzano, J., Silva-Palacios, I., and Gonzalo-Garijo, A. (2015) Potential Sources of Airborne Alternaria spp. spores in South-west Spain. Science of the Total Environment, 533. pp. 165-176. ISSN Online: 0048-9697
Skjøth, C., Werner, M., Kryza, M., Adams-Groom, B., Wakeham, A.,Lewis, and M. Kennedy, R. (2015) Quality of the Governing Temperature Variables in WRF in Relation to Simulation of Primary Biological Aerosols. Advances in Meteorology (412658). pp. 1-15. ISSN 1687-9309
Werner, M., Kryza, M., Geels, C., Ellermann, T. and Skjøth, C. (2015) Spatial, Temporal and Vertical Distribution of Ammonia Concentrations Over Europe – Comparing a Static and Dynamic Approach With WRF-Chem. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 15. pp. 22935-22973. ISSN Print: 1680-7316 Online: 1680-7324
Sadys, M., Kennedy, R., and Skjøth, C. (2015) An Analysis of Local Wind and Air Mass Directions and Their Impact on Cladosporium Distribution Using HYSPLIT and Circular Statistics. Fungal Ecology, 18. pp. 56-66. ISSN 1754-5048
Karrer, G., Skjøth, C., Šikoparija, B., Smith, M., Berger, U. and Essl, F. (2015) Ragweed (Ambrosia) Pollen Source Inventory for Austria. Science of the Total Environment, 523. pp. 120-128. ISSN Print: 0048-9697 Online: 1879-1026
Werner, Malgorzata and Skjøth, C. and Kryza, M. and Dore, A.J. (2015) Understanding Emissions of Ammonia from Buildings and Application of Fertilizers: An Example from Poland. Biogeosciences Discussions, 12. pp. 2021-2061. ISSN Online: 1810-6285
Ørby, P. V. and Peel, R. G. and Skjøth, C. and Schlünssen, V. and Bønløkke, J. H. and Ellermann, T. and Brændholt, A.and Sigsgaard, T. and Hertel, O. (2015) An Assessment of the Potential for Co-exposure to Allergenic Pollen and Air Pollution in Copenhagen, Denmark. Urban Climate. ISSN 2212-0955 (In Press)
Hernandez-Ceballos, M.A. and Skjøth, C. and Garcia-Mozo, H. and Bolivar, J. P. and Galan, C. (2014) Improvement in the Accuracy of Back Trajectories Using WRF to Identify Pollen Sources in Southern Iberian Peninsula. International Journal of Biometeorology, 58 (10). pp. 2031-2043. ISSN Print: 0020-7128 Online:1432-1254
O'Connor, D and Sadys, Magdalena and Skjøth, C. and Healy, D and Kennedy, Roy and Sodeau, J (2014) Atmospheric Concentrations of Alternaria, Cladosporium, Ganoderma and Didymella Spores Monitored in Cork (Ireland) and Worcester (England) During the Summer of 2010. Aerobiologia, 30 (4). pp. 397-411. ISSN Print: 0393-5965 Online:1573-3025
Fernandez-Rodriguez, Santiago and Skjøth, C. and Tormo-Molina, Rafael and Brandao, Rui and Caeiro, Elsa and Silva-Palacios, Inmaculada and Gonzalo-Garijo, Angela and Smith, Matt (2014) Identification of Potential Sources of Airborne Olea Pollen in the Southwest Iberian Peninsula. International Journal of Biometeorology, 58 (3). pp. 337-348. ISSN 1432-1254
Sadys, M. and Skjøth, C. and Kennedy, Roy (2014) Back-trajectories Show Export of Airborne Fungal Spores (Ganoderma sp.) From Forests to Agricultural and Urban Areas in England. Atmospheric Environment, 84. pp. 88-99. ISSN 1352-2310
Thibaudon, M. and Sikoparija, B. and Oliver, G. and Smith, C. and Skjøth, C. (2014) Ragweed Pollen Source Inventory for France - the Second Largest Centre of Ambrosia in Europe. Atmospheric Environment, 83. pp. 62-71. ISSN 1352-2310
Peel, Robert and Ørby, P. V. and Skjøth, C. and Kennedy, Roy and Schlünssen, V. and Smith, M. and Sommer, J. andHertel, O. (2014) Seasonal Variation in Diurnal Atmospheric Grass Pollen Concentration Profiles. Biogeosciences, 11. pp. 821-832. ISSN Print: 1726-4170 Online:1726-4189)
Khwarahm, N. and Dash , J. and Atkinson, P.M. and Newnham , R.M. and Skjøth, C. and Adams-Groom, Beverley andCaulton, E. and Head, K. (2014) Exploring the Spatio-temporal Relationship Between Two Key Aeroallergens and Meteorological Variables in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Biometeorology, 58 (4). pp. 529-545. ISSN Print: 0020-7128 Online:1432-1254
Sadys, Magdalena and Skjøth, C. and Kennedy, Roy (2014) Determination of Alternaria spp. Habitats Using 7-Day Volumetric Spore Trap, Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory Model and Geographic Information System.Urban Climate. ISSN Print: 2212-0955 (In Press)
Skjøth, C. and Baker, Peter and Sadys, Magdalena and Adams-Groom, Beverley (2014) Pollen From Alder (Alnus sp.), Birch (Betula sp.) and Oak (Quercus sp.) in the UK Originate From Small Woodlands. Urban Climate. ISSN Print: 2212-0955 (In Press)
Santiago Fernández-Rodríguez, Carsten Ambelas Skjøth, Rafael Tormo-Molina, Rui Brandao, Elsa Caeiro, Inmaculada Silva-Palacios, Ángela Gonzalo-Garijo, Matt Smith Identification of potential sources of airborne Olea pollen in the Southwest Iberian Peninsula International Journal of Biometeorology April 2014, Volume 58, Issue 3, pp 337-348
B. Šikoparija, C.A. Skjøth,K. Alm Kübler, A. Dahl, J. Sommer, L. Grewling, P. Radišic, M. Smith, (2013) A mechanism for long distance transport of Ambrosia pollen from the Pannonian Plain Agricultural and Forest MeteorologyVolume 180, 15 October 2013, Pages 112–117
K. Hansen, L. L. Sørensen, O. Hertel, C. Geels, C. A. Skjøth, B. Jensen, and E. Boegh (2013) Ammonia emissions from deciduous forest after leaf fall Biogeosciences, 10, 4577–4589
Mark A. Sutton, Stefan Reis, Stuart N. Riddick, Ulrike Dragosits, Eiko Nemitz, Mark R. Theobald, Y. Sim Tang, Christine F. Braban, Massimo Vieno, Anthony J. Dore, Robert F. Mitchell, Sarah Wanless, Francis Daunt, David Fowler, Trevor D. Blackall, Celia Milford, Chris R. Flechard, Benjamin Loubet, Raia Massad, Pierre Cellier, Erwan Personne, Pierre F. Coheur, Lieven Clarisse, Martin Van Damme, Yasmine Ngadi, Cathy Clerbaux, Carsten Ambelas Skjøth, Camilla Geels, Ole Hertel, Roy J. Wichink Kruit, Robert W. Pinder, Jesse O. Bash, John T. Walker, David Simpson, László Horváth, Tom H. Misselbrook, Albert Bleeker8, Frank Dentener and Wim de Vries (2013) Towards a climate-dependent paradigm of ammonia emission and deposition Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, vol. 368 (1621)
D. C. Oderbolz, S. Aksoyoglu, J. Keller, I. Barmpadimos, R. Steinbrecher, C. A. Skjøth, C. Plaß-Dülmer, and A. S. H. Prévôt (2013) A comprehensive emission inventory of biogenic volatile organic compounds in Europe: improved seasonality and land-cover Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 1689-1712
Ole Hertel, Camilla Geels, Lise Marie Frohn, Thomas Ellermann, Carsten Skjoth, Per Lostrom, Jesper H. Christensen, Helle Vibeke Andersen, Robert George Peel, (2013) Assessing atmospheric nitrogen deposition to natural and semi-natural ecosystems - Experience from Danish studies using the DAMOS, Atmospheric Environment, 66, 151 - 160
C. Ambelas Skjøth and C. Geels, (2013) The effect of climate and climate change on ammonia emissions in Europe, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 117–128, 2013,
C. Ambelas Skjøth, P. V. Ørby, T. Becker, C. Geels, V. Schlünssen, T. Sigsgaard,J. H. Bønløkke, J. Sommer, P. Søgaard, and O. Hertel, (2013), Identifying urban sources as cause of elevated grass pollen concentrations using GIS and remote sensing, Biogeosciences 10, 541-554
U. L. Zweifel, Å. Hagström, K. Holmfeldt, R. Thyrhaug, C. Geels , L. M. Frohn, C. Ambelas Skjøth, U. Gosewinkel Karlson, (2012) Highly dynamic bacterial 16S rRNA gene diversity above the atmospheric boundary layer. Aerobiologia, 28, 481-498, 2012
O. Hertel, C. Ambelas Skjøth, S. Reis, A. Bleeker, R. Harrison, J. N. Cape, D. Fowler, U. Skiba, D. Simpson, T. Jickells, M. Kulmala, S. Gyldenkærne, L. L. Sørensen, L. W. Erisman, and M. A. Sutton, (2012) Governing processes for reactive nitrogen compounds in the atmosphere in relation to ecosystem, climatic and human health impacts. Biogeosciences 9, 4921-4954
C. Ambelas Skjøth, J. Sommer, L. Frederiksen and U. Gosewinkel Karlson, (2012) Crop harvest in Denmark and Central Europe contributes to the local load of airborne Alternaria spore concentrations in Copenhagen, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 11107-11123
C. Ambelas Skjøth, C. Geels, H. Berge, S. Gyldenkærne S., H. Fagerli, T. Ellermann., L. M. Frohn, J. Christensen,K. M. Hansen, K. Hansen, and Hertel, O., (2011) Spatial and temporal variations in ammonia emissions - a freely accessible model code for Europe: Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5221-5236
C. Ambelas Skjøth , M. Smith, B. Šikoparijac, A. Stach, D. Myszkowskae, I. Kasprzykf, P. Radišic, B. Stjepanovic, I. Hrga, D. Apatini, D. Magyar, A. Páldy and N. Ianovici. (2010) A method for producing airborne pollen source inventories: An example of Ambrosia (ragweed) on the Pannonian Plain. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 150, 1203-1210.
Member of the “Senior Management Team” at Institute of Science and the Environment
Member of the Institute of Science & the Environment's "Research Sub-committee"
Member of the University's "Research Data Management Policy Implementation Group"
Editorial Board for 'Aerobiologia'
Board member for the ‘European Aerobiological Society’
Reviewer and panel member for the Newton Fund Institutional Links, Environment and Agricultural Sciences Panel, British Council.
External examiner for PhD thesis at universities in Denmark, United Kingdom, Ireland, Finland.
External PhD supervisor for PhD projects in Wales and Denmark
Current research activities are mainly related to large research projects funded by UK research councils (BBSRC and NERC) and the European Commission (Horizon2020 and FP7) addressing various aspects in relation to production, release and atmospheric dispersal of allergenic pollen, fungal spores and harmful pathogens.
MRes Projects at the University of Worcester
I welcome approaches from high achieving graduates that would like to consider studying for an Mres at the University of Worcester, in particular projects that are related to existing research projects. Topics of interest focus on atmospheric sciences and aerobiology or new detection methods in those subjects
Current PhD Students
Godfrey Apangu: Detecting spatial and vertical concentrations of fungal spores in the atmosphere using bioinformatics and drone technology, A project co-funded by European Commission and University of Worcester (Director of studies)
Carl Frisk: Phenology of grass flowering at the species level. A project co-funded by European Commission and University of Worcester (Director of studies)
Abdulla Munawar Rafiq Exploring the ecology of airborne pollen biodiversity using environmental DNA analysis and identifying links to hay fever. A NERC ENVISION Industrial CASE DTP Studentship, (Director of Studies, Prof Simon Creer, University of Bangor)