Carl Frisk

Carl Frisk

PhD Student

School of Science and the Environment

Research Degree Students

Contact Details


Carl Frisk is a full-time PhD Research Student in the School of Science and the Environment at the University of Worcester.

Carl’s PhD research focuses around the connection between grass species phenology and atmospheric grass pollen concentrations. This connection is investigated using population dynamics in flowering grass populations, remote sensing, aerobiological sampling and microscopy, meteorological modelling, atmospheric modelling and genomic eDNA approaches.  

Other research interests include Plant Ecology, Fire Ecology and Ecosystem Dynamics.


  • MSc Ecology and Biodiversity, Stockholm University, Sweden - 2016
  • BSc Bio-Earth Sciences, Stockholm University, Sweden - 2014



Apangu, G.P., Frisk, C.A., Adams-Groom, B., Satchwell, J., Pashley, C.H., Skjøth, C.A. (2020). Air Mass Trajectories and Land Cover Map Reveals Cereals and Oilseed Rape as Major Local Sources of Alternaria spores in the Midlands, UK. Atmospheric Pollution Research 11(9). 1668-1679.

Rojo, J., Oteros, J., Pérez-Badia, R., Cervigón, P., Ferencova, Z., Gutiérrez-Bustillo, A.M., Bergmann, K.C., Oliver, G., Thibaudon, M., Albertini, R., Rodríguez-De la Cruz, D., Sánchez-Reyes, E., Sánchez-Sánchez, J., Pessi, A.M., Reiniharju, J., Saarto, A., Calderón, M.C., Guerrero, C., Berra, D., Bonini, M., Chiodini, E., Fernández-González, D., García, J., Trigo, M.M., Myszkowska, D., Fernández-Rodríguez, S., Tormo-Molina, R., Damialis, A., Kolek, F., Traidl-Hoffmann, C., Severova, E., Caeiro, E., Ribeiro, H., Magyar, D., Makra, L., Udvardy, O., Alcázar, P., Galán, C., Borycka, K., Kasprzyk, I., Newbigin, E., Adams-Groom, B., Apangu, G.P., Frisk, C.A., Skjøth, C.A., Radišić, P., Šikoparija, B., Celenk, S., Schmidt-Weber, C.B., Buters, J. (2019). Near-ground Effect of Height on Pollen Exposure. Environmental Research 174. 160–169.

Brennan, G.L., Potter, C., de Vere, N., Griffith, G.W., Skjøth, C.A., Osborne, N.J., Wheeler, B.W., McInnes, R.N., Clewlow, Y., Barber, A., Hanlon, H.M., Hegarty, M., Jones, L., Kurganskiy, A., Rowney, F.M., Armitage, C., Adams-Groom, B., Ford, C.R., Petch, G.M., Elliot, A., Frisk, C.A., Neilson, R., Potter, S., Rafiq, A.M., Roy, D.B., Selby, K., Steinberg, N., Creer, S. (2019). Temperate Airborne Grass Pollen Defined by Spatio-temporal Shifts in Community Composition. Nature Ecology and Evolution 3(5). 750-754.

Johansson, M.U., Frisk, C.A., Nemomissa, S., Hylander, K. (2017). Disturbance from Traditional Fire Management in Subalpine Heathlands Increases Afro-alpine Plant Resilience to Climate Change. Global Change Biology 24(7). 2952-2964.

Other Information

Professional Bodies

  • British Ecological Society (BES).
  • European Aerobiological Society (EAS).
  • International Association of Aerobiology (IAA).

External Roles


  • Minor Field Study (MFS) Grant (2015) given by Swedish International Cooperation Agency (SIDA). SIDA sponsored scholarship for field studies in developing countries to improve awareness of global development issues.